Pain in the knee: Reasons and treatment

by   |  VIEW 279

Pain in the knee: Reasons and treatment

Knee pain affects people of all ages, and there is almost no person who has not experienced it at least once. Knee pain can be the result of an injury, such as a torn ligament or worn cartilage. Medical conditions, including arthritis, gout and infections, can also cause knee pain and require the cooperation of a doctor.

Self-administered treatments for knee pain can significantly help with different types of problems. Signs and symptoms that sometimes accompany knee pain include:
swelling and stiffness,
redness and warmth to the touch,
weakness or unsteadiness,
popping or screeching,
inability to fully straighten the knee

A knee injury can affect any of the ligaments, tendons, or fluid-filled sacs (bursae) that surround the knee joint, as well as the bones, cartilage, and ligaments that make up the joint itself. Some of the most common knee injuries include: Anterior cruciate ligament injuries - most often occur during sports such as football, basketball and skiing.

When an injury occurs, many people hear a sound as if something "clicked". After an injury, the knee can swell and become so painful that it is impossible to stand on the leg. Depending on the injury, treatment may include rehabilitation or surgery.
Fractures - the patella or cup is located on the front of the knee and protects the joint from injury.

Since it has the function of a shield, it is susceptible to fractures. It is a serious knee injury, and depending on the severity of the injury, it can be treated by wearing a splint until the bone heals, and for more complex injuries, surgery is necessary to restore the function of the knee.

Rupture of the meniscus is a knee injury in which the connective cartilage tissue inside the knee is torn. The rupture is mostly caused by trauma due to a sudden rotation of the knee, and it is often seen in people who play athletics, basketball and tennis.

It can also occur as a result of joint wear and tear, and is treated with surgery.
Knee bursitis (inflammation of fluid in the joint) – small fluid-filled sacs are located between muscles and tendons, and some are also connected to the joint cavity and are involved in the circulation of synovial fluid.

When they become inflamed, they swell and cause pain. When the pain appears, it is necessary to reduce physical activity and massage the knees for ten minutes, several times a day.
Patellar tendinitis (irritation and inflammation of one or more tendons) - also known as jumper's knee, is an overstrain syndrome and is manifested by pain in the front of the knee.

It is related to the number of training sessions in one week and, as expected, is more common with a greater number of training sessions. The person must reduce the number of training sessions, cool the knee with ice and massage it.


Although it is not always possible to prevent knee pain, the following suggestions can help prevent injury and improve joint health: Keep your weight in check – maintaining an optimal weight is one of the best things you can do for your knees.

Each extra kilogram puts additional stress on your joints, increasing the risk of injury and osteoarthritis.
Be in shape - you will achieve this with regular movement and exercise. Since weak muscles are the leading cause of knee injuries, you will benefit from building the quadriceps that support the knees.

Balance and stability training helps the muscles around the knee to better support it. Stretching is also important because it gives flexibility, so warm up before training and stretch after training. When you exercise, do the exercises correctly - make sure that the technique and movement patterns you use in your sport or activity are performed correctly.
Choose what you exercise according to your condition - if you have osteoarthritis, chronic knee pain or occasional injuries, you may need to change the way you exercise. Consider switching to swimming, water aerobics, or other low-impact activities on your joints.