VITAMIN K: Role in the body



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VITAMIN K: Role in the body

In nature, vitamin K occurs in two forms: vitamin K1 (phylloquinone), which can be found in plants, and vitamin K2, which is a group of compounds called menaquinones. Blood clotting and coagulation are the most common functions of vitamin K.

Thus, vitamin K is called 'coagulation vitamin' in German. The following are some of the benefits of vitamin K: The clotting of blood Bone health maintenance Maintaining normal blood vessel function Vitamin K has been approved for the following health claims by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA): Vitamin K helps maintain normal bone density Blood clotting is aided by vitamin K An osteoporotic fracture In order for calcium to be effectively absorbed and incorporated into bones, vitamin K is essential.

Vitamin K levels in the body are associated with higher bone density. An osteoporosis patient has been observed to have a deficiency of vitamin K Vitamin K appears to improve bone health and reduce the risk of fractures, especially in postmenopausal women who are at risk for osteoporosis.

The atherosclerosis process Atherosclerosis refers to the accumulation of fatty deposits inside blood vessels. Moreover, fat deposits become hotspots where calcium accumulates, resulting in calcification of blood vessels.

The calcification of blood vessels reduces their elasticity and increases the risk of heart attacks and strokes. According to a study of post-menopausal women with established calcification of blood vessels, their serum levels of vitamin K were insufficient.

For a better understanding of the process, more studies are needed. A bleeding wound Vitamin K is given to newborns in many European countries and the USA immediately after birth to prevent hemorrhagic diseases.

A DAILY DOSE IS RECOMMENDED

Vitamin K intake in Croatia is 75 mcg per day, similar to Germany, Austria, and Switzerland.

According to the US government, men should consume 120 mcg daily and women should consume 90 mcg daily. DEFICIENCY OF VITAMIN K In healthy people who eat properly, vitamin K deficiency is relatively rare. It is associated with bowel disorders, liver diseases, or Crohn's disease that can lead to vitamin K deficiency. Vitamin K can be interfered with by antibiotics and blood thinners