Nasal discharge, olfactory disorder, headache, and pressure in the facial area are just some of the symptoms of acute rhinosinusitis, popularly known as - inflammation of the sinuses. Acute rhinosinusitis is defined as inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose and paranasal sinuses that occurs suddenly and can last up to 12 weeks.
The incidence of acute rhinosinusitis is high, and in adults, sinus inflammation occurs on average from two to five times a year, so otolaryngology specialists often encounter this diagnosis. The most common causes of sinusitis are viruses, such as rhinovirus and coronavirus.
For the currently current delta and omicron strains of SARS-CoV-2, one of the symptoms is precisely nasal congestion and secretion. Very rarely, in only 0.5 to 2% of cases in adults, superinfection with bacteria and the development of bacterial rhinosinusitis occur.
In children, bacterial rhinosinusitis is somewhat more common and occurs in 5 to 13 percent of cases. The symptoms themselves can be general (elevated body temperature, fever, malaise, muscle pain) and local (nasal congestion, nasal discharge, smell disturbance, headache and pressure in the facial area).
In addition, symptoms such as sneezing, coughing, sore throat, congestion and ear pain are often present. The clinical course of viral rhinosinusitis usually lasts 7 to 10 days.
Treatment of sinusitis:
The treatment itself depends on the cause of sinusitis.
Considering that in most cases the causes of sinusitis are viruses, the treatment is mostly symptomatic, in terms of relieving congestion and secretions from the nose, headache and pressure in the facial area, but it certainly works on general symptoms, such as fever and fatigue.
Raising general immunity in such patients is an essential step. The goal of the therapy is to enable the patient to recover faster and to prevent the unnecessary intake of antibiotics, so in symptomatic therapy the primary place is given to herbal preparations that act on the mentioned ailments and solve them very effectively.
Depending on the present symptoms, nasal or systemic decongestants, medicines against pain and fever, and sea water solutions are also recommended. The antibiotic is included in the therapy when it comes to acute bacterial rhinosinusitis and is used along with the indicated symptomatic therapy.
Herbal preparations that help relieve symptoms also have their role in this case and can be added to antibiotic therapy. For those patients who also have bronchitis or bronchitis combined with sinusitis, Sinulan Duo Forte is recommended because it contains, among other herbs, lovage and horseradish root, which has been used in our traditional medicine for hundreds of years as a cure for bronchitis.