Iron: Role and importance in the body

Children need iron for normal cognitive development

by Sead Dedovic
Iron: Role and importance in the body

You have heard many times about the importance of iron, but do you really know the importance of this element? The body gets iron from food, preferably meat, where it's in the form of heme. Iron binds to porphyrin in the body to form heme, which transports oxygen.

Anemia is caused by a lack of iron in the body. It's essential for the normal development of numerous enzymatic and systemic processes in our body. Adults need about 4.5 grams, about 60% of which is hemoglobin, 8% is myoglobin, and 2% is enzymes.

Liver, spleen, and bone marrow store the rest (25-35%). Especially pregnant women, nursing mothers, developing children, vegetarians, diet-followers, and athletes are at risk of iron deficiency because of insufficient food intake.

The body gets anemia when it doesn't have enough iron. It's estimated that 30% of women have iron deficiency. These magnesium health claims are approved by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) Children need iron for normal cognitive development Iron helps cells divide The immune system needs iron to function properly The iron in iron contributes to cognitive function Fatigue and exhaustion are reduced by iron It's essential for the production of red blood cells and hemoglobin The body uses iron to transport oxygen The cardiovascular system Our bodies can make hemoproteins from iron and porphyrin, like hemoglobin and myoglobin, which are found in erythrocytes.

Oxygen can be taken in and delivered by such iron. Anemia happens when there aren't enough red blood cells or when the cells aren't healthy. Anemia can be genetic, but it's usually caused by a lack of iron. This is most common in women before menopause, caused by insufficient iron intake, especially if you don't eat enough meat, and inadequate absorption of iron from food.

Body's immune system

Various processes depend on iron, either as proteins, like lactoferrin, or enzymes, for the proper response of the immune system to pathogens. It's important to determine how much iron we need, preferably based on blood tests, in order to maintain a healthy immune system and develop other functions of iron.

Pregnancy and iron Iron is essential for placenta formation and erythrocytopoiesis. Pregnancy can lead to iron deficiency and anemia since the fetus needs extra iron. In pregnancy, iron deficiency can lead to complications like preeclampsia and premature birth.

Although iron deficiency is very common, it is necessary to determine the exact amounts in the serum in order to avoid complications caused by oxidative stress due to excessively high amounts of iron in the blood. Pregnacare products from Vitabiotics contain 17 mg of iron, which is an ideal amount considering the recommended 27 mg for pregnant women.